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Instrument Rating

Straight and Level Flight – Common Errors – Power

Airplane Basic Flight Maneuvers - Electronic Flight Display

Power errors usually result from but are not limited to the following errors: 1. Failure to become familiar with the aircraft’s specific power settings and pitch attitudes. 2. Abrupt use of throttle. 3. Failure to lead the airspeed when making power changes, climbs, or descents. Example: When leveling off from a descent, increase the power in order to avoid […]

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Straight and Level Flight – Common Errors – Heading

Airplane Basic Flight Maneuvers - Electronic Flight Display

Heading errors usually result from but are not limited to the following errors: 1. Failure to cross-check the heading indicator, especially during changes in power or pitch attitude. 2. Misinterpretation of changes in heading, with resulting corrections in the wrong direction. 3. Failure to note and remember a preselected heading. 4. Failure to observe the rate of heading […]

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Straight and Level Flight – Common Errors – Pitch

Airplane Basic Flight Maneuvers - Electronic Flight Display

Pitch errors usually result from the following errors: 1. Improper adjustment of the yellow chevron (aircraft symbol) on the attitude indicator. Corrective Action: Once the aircraft has leveled off and the airspeed has stabilized, make small corrections to the pitch attitude to achieve the desired performance. Cross-check the supporting instruments for validation. 2. Insufficient cross-check and interpretation of pitch instruments. […]

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Straight and Level Flight – Trim Technique

Airplane Basic Flight Maneuvers - Electronic Flight Display

Trim control is one of the most important flight habits to cultivate. Trimming refers to relieving any control pressures that need to be applied by the pilot to the control surfaces to maintain a desired flight attitude. The desired result is for the pilot to be able to take his or her hands off the […]

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Straight and Level Flight – Power Control – Airspeed Changes

Airplane Basic Flight Maneuvers - Electronic Flight Display

Practice of airspeed changes in straight-and-level flight provides an excellent means of developing increased proficiency in all three basic instrument skills and brings out some common errors to be expected during training in straight-and-level flight. Having learned to control the airplane in a clean configuration (minimum drag conditions), increase proficiency in cross-check and control by […]

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Straight and Level Flight – Power Control – Power Settings

Airplane Basic Flight Maneuvers - Electronic Flight Display

Power control and airspeed changes are much easier when approximate power settings necessary to maintain various airspeeds in straight-and-level flight are known in advance. However, to change airspeed by any appreciable amount, the common procedure is to underpower or overpower on initial power changes to accelerate the rate of airspeed change. (For small speed changes, or […]

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Turns – Steep Turns – Performing the Maneuver

Airplane Basic Flight Maneuvers - Electronic Flight Display

To enter a steep turn to the left, roll into a coordinated 45° bank turn to the left. An advantage that glass panel displays have over analog instrumentation is a 45° bank indication on the roll scale. This additional index on the roll scale allows the pilot to precisely roll into the desired bank angle […]

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Turns – Steep Turns

Airplane Basic Flight Maneuvers - Electronic Flight Display

For the purpose of instrument flight training, a steep turn is defined as any turn in excess of standard rate. A standard rate turn is defined as 3 degrees per second. The bank angle that equates to a turn rate of 3 degrees per second varies according to airspeed. As airspeed increases, the bank angle […]

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Turns – Timed Turns

Airplane Basic Flight Maneuvers - Electronic Flight Display

Timed turns to headings are performed in the same fashion with an EFD as with an analog equipped aircraft. The instrumentation used to perform this maneuver is the turn rate indicator as well as the clock. The purpose of this maneuver is to allow the pilot to gain proficiency in scanning as well as to […]

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