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Airplane Basic Flight Maneuvers – Electronic Flight Display

Straight Climbs and Descents – Entry – Constant Airspeed Climb From Established Airspeed

Airplane Basic Flight Maneuvers - Electronic Flight Display

In order to enter a constant airspeed climb, first complete the airspeed reduction from cruise airspeed to climb airspeed. Maintain straight-and-level flight as the airspeed is reduced. The entry to the climb is similar to the entry from cruise airspeed with the exception that the power must be increased when the pitch attitude is raised. […]

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Straight and Level Flight – Power Control

Airplane Basic Flight Maneuvers - Electronic Flight Display

Power produces thrust which, with the appropriate angle of attack of the wing, overcomes the forces of gravity, drag, and inertia to determine airplane performance. Power control must be related to its effect on altitude and airspeed, since any change in power setting results in a change in the airspeed or the altitude of the airplane. At any given airspeed, […]

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Straight and Level Flight – Bank Control – Slip/Skid Indicator

Airplane Basic Flight Maneuvers - Electronic Flight Display

The slip/skid indicator is the small portion of the lower segmented triangle displayed on the attitude indicator. This instrument depicts whether the aircraft’s longitudinal axis is aligned with the relative wind. [Figure 7-54] The pilot must always remember to cross-check the roll index to the roll pointer when attempting to maintain straight flight. Any time the heading remains constant and […]

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Straight and Level Flight – Bank Control – Turn Rate Indicator

Airplane Basic Flight Maneuvers - Electronic Flight Display

The turn rate indicator gives an indirect indication of bank. It is a magenta trend indicator capable of displaying half standard as well as standard rate turns to both the left and right. [Figure 7-54] The turn indicator is capable of indicating turns up to 4 degrees per second by extending the magenta line outward from the standard rate mark. […]

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Straight and Level Flight – Bank Control – Heading Indicator

Airplane Basic Flight Maneuvers - Electronic Flight Display

The heading indicator is the large black box with a white number that indicates the magnetic heading of the aircraft. [Figure 7-54] The aircraft heading is displayed to the nearest degree. When this number begins to change, the pilot should be aware that straight flight is no longer being achieved.

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Straight and Level Flight – Bank Control – Horizontal Situation Indicator (HSI)

Airplane Basic Flight Maneuvers - Electronic Flight Display

The horizontal situation indicator (HSI) is a rotating 360° compass card that indicates magnetic heading. The HSI is the only instrument that is capable of showing exact headings. The magnetic compass can be used as a backup instrument in case of an HSI failure; however, due to erratic, unstable movements, it is more likely to be used a supporting instrument. […]

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Straight and Level Flight – Pitch Control – Airspeed Indicator (ASI)

Airplane Basic Flight Maneuvers - Electronic Flight Display

The ASI presents an indirect indication of the pitch attitude. At a constant power setting and pitch attitude, airspeed remains constant. As the pitch attitude lowers, airspeed increases, and the nose should be raised. As the pitch attitude is increased, the nose of the aircraft raises, which results in an increase in the angle of attack as well as an […]

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Straight and Level Flight – Pitch Control – VSI Tape

Airplane Basic Flight Maneuvers - Electronic Flight Display

The VSI tape provides for an indirect indication of pitch attitude and gives the pilot a more immediate indication of a pending altitude deviation. In addition to trend information, the vertical speed also gives a rate indication. By using the VSI tape in conjunction with the altitude trend tape, a pilot has a better understanding of how much of a […]

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Straight and Level Flight – Pitch Control – Partial Panel Flight

Airplane Basic Flight Maneuvers - Electronic Flight Display

One important skill to practice is partial panel flight by referencing the altimeter as the primary pitch indicator. Practice controlling the pitch by referencing the altitude tape and trend indicator alone without the use of the attitude indicator. Pilots need to learn to make corrections to altitude deviations by referencing the rate of change of the altitude tape and trend indicator. […]

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