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Airport Operations

Airport Beacons

Airport Operations

Airport beacons help a pilot identify an airport at night. The beacons are operated from dusk till dawn. Sometimes they are turned on if the ceiling is less than 1,000 feet and/or the ground visibility is less than 3 statute miles (VFR minimums). However, there is no requirement for this, so a pilot has the […]

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Airport Markings and Signs

Airport Operations

There are markings and signs used at airports, which provide directions and assist pilots in airport operations. Some of the most common markings and signs are discussed. Additional information may be found in Chapter 2, Aeronautical Lighting and Other Airport Visual Aids, in the Aeronautical Information Manual (AIM). Runway Markings Runway markings vary depending on […]

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Sources for Airport Data

Airport Operations

When a pilot flies into a different airport, it is important to review the current data for that airport. This data provides the pilot with information, such as communication frequencies, services available, closed runways, or airport construction. Three common sources of information are: Aeronautical Charts Airport/Facility Directory (A/FD) Notices to Airmen (NOTAMs) Aeronautical Charts Aeronautical […]

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Types of Airports

Airport Operations

There are two types of airports—towered and nontowered. These types can be further subdivided to: Civil Airports—airports that are open to the general public. Military/Federal Government airports—airports operated by the military, National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), or other agencies of the Federal Government. Private airports—airports designated for private or restricted use only, not open to the general public. Towered […]

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