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Aircraft Parts

From experiments conducted on wind tunnel models and on full size airplanes, it has been determined that as air flows along the surface of a wing at different angles of attack, there are regions along the surface where the pressure is negative, or less than atmospheric, and regions where the pressure is positive, or greater than atmospheric. This negative pressure on the upper surface creates a relatively larger force on the wing than is caused by the positive pressure resulting from the air striking the lower wing surface. Figure 2-8 shows the pressure distribution along an airfoil at three different angles of attack. In general, at high angles of attack the center of pressure moves forward, while at low angles of attack the center of pressure moves aft. In the design of wing structures, this center of pressure travel is very important, since it affects the position of the airloads imposed on the wing structure in low angle-of-attack conditions and high angle-of-attack conditions. The airplane’s aerodynamic balance and controllability are governed by changes in the center of pressure. [click to continue…]

Airfoil Design (Part 2)

In a wind tunnel or in flight, an airfoil is simply a streamlined object inserted into a moving stream of air. If the airfoil profile were in the shape of a teardrop, the speed and the pressure changes of the air passing over the top and bottom would be the same on both sides.

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Airfoil Design (Part 1)

In the sections devoted to Newton’s and Bernoulli‘s discoveries, it has already been discussed in general terms the question of how an airplane wing can sustain flight when the airplane is heavier than air.

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Airplane Parts – Major Components

I guess we should start with the basics of the basics.  Lets talk about plane parts.  The graphic below shows the main parts of an airplane body.

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