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Flight Learnings

Course Intercepts

Automated Flight Control

Flying an Assigned Heading To Intercept a Course or VOR Radial You can use the navigation mode in combination with the heading function to fly an assigned heading to intercept a course. The procedure illustrated in Figure 4-13 takes advantage of the ability to arm the navigation mode while the heading mode is engaged. Figure […]

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Climbs and Descents

Automated Flight Control

Vertical Speed The autopilot’s vertical speed mode allows you to perform constant-rate climbs and descents. Figure 4-10 illustrates the use of the vertical speed mode for one autopilot that is integrated with a PFD. When you engage the vertical speed mode, the FD/autopilot will attempt to maintain the specified vertical speed until you choose a […]

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Fly Heading and Maintain Altitude

Automated Flight Control

Fly Heading The heading mode is used to steer the aircraft automatically along a pilot selected heading. Using the FD/autopilot to fly a heading is a simple matter of selecting the assigned heading and then engaging the heading function or, more commonly, accomplished by first engaging the heading mode and gently turning the heading selection […]

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Follow Route

Automated Flight Control

The FD/autopilot’s navigation function can be used to guide the aircraft along the course selected on the navigation indicator. Since the navigation display in most advanced avionics cockpits can present indications from a variety of navigation systems, you can use the autopilot’s navigation function to follow a route programmed into the FMS using VOR, global […]

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Flight Director

Automated Flight Control

Flight Director Functions An FD is an extremely useful aid that displays cues to guide pilot or autopilot control inputs along a selected and computed flightpath. [Figure 4-5] The flight director usually receives input from an ADC and a flight data computer. The ADC supplies altitude, airspeed and temperature data, heading data from magnetic sources […]

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Autopilot Concepts

Automated Flight Control

An autopilot can be capable of many very time intensive tasks, helping the pilot focus on the overall status of the aircraft and flight. Good use of an autopilot helps automate the process of guiding and controlling the aircraft. Autopilots can automate tasks, such as maintaining an altitude, climbing or descending to an assigned altitude, […]

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Ground-Based Radio Navigation

Navigation

Configuring FMS To Receive Ground-Based Radio Navigation Signals Most advanced avionics systems include receivers for conventional radio navigation signals from VOR, localizer, and glideslope transmitters. To display these signals on the navigation display indicator(s), you need two fundamental skills. Tuning and Identifying Radio Navigation Facilities The first fundamental skill in ground-based radio navigation is tuning […]

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Missed Approaches

Navigation

The FMS/GPS unit’s nonsequencing mode provides an easy way to fly missed approach procedures, such as the one illustrated in Figure 3-56. The missed approach procedure shown in Figure 3-56 requires you to climb to 1,900 feet, turn right and climb to 6,000 feet, then proceed direct to the SNS VOR. The FMS/GPS helps you […]

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Course Reversals

Navigation

Figure 3-53 shows three common course reversals: (1) 45-degree procedure turn, (2) holding pattern, and (3) teardrop procedure. Course reversals are handled in the same way as holding procedures, by using the FMS/GPS’s nonsequencing mode. As you arrive at the initial approach waypoint, the unit’s nonsequencing mode should be engaged to prevent it from immediately […]

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