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Flight Learnings

Cockpit Weather Systems (Part One)

Information Systems

Advanced avionics cockpit weather systems provide many of the same weather products available on the ground and have a variety of uses that can enhance awareness of weather that may be encountered during almost any phase of flight. Radar images, satellite weather pictures, Aviation Routine Weather Reports (METARs), terminal weather forecasts (TAFs), significant meteorological information […]

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Terrain Systems (Part Two)

Information Systems

Terrain Awareness and Warning Systems A terrain awareness and warning system (TAWS) offers you all of the features of a terrain display along with a sophisticated warning system that alerts you to potential threats posed by surrounding terrain. A terrain awareness and warning system uses the aircraft’s GPS navigation signal and altimetry systems to compare […]

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Terrain Systems (Part One)

Information Systems

Terrain systems provide information about significant terrain along your route of flight. Terrain systems were designed to help reduce controlled flight into terrain (CFIT) accidents. Remember, however, that use of these terrain proximity information systems for primary terrain avoidance is prohibited. The terrain proximity map is intended only to enhance situational awareness; it remains the […]

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Moving Maps (Part Two)

Information Systems

Maintaining Proficiency: Spatial Reasoning Skills Consider the CDI shown in Figure 5-8. What is the position of the aircraft with respect to the VOR station? Interpreting this type of display requires more effort than interpreting the moving map, which automatically displays the solution to the position-finding problem. Pilots should expend the effort to practice this […]

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Moving Maps (Part One)

Information Systems

The moving map function uses the MFD to provide a pictorial view of the present position of the aircraft, the route programmed into the FMS, the surrounding airspace, and geographical features. Moving maps offer a number of options that allow you to specify what information is presented on the MFD and how it is displayed. […]

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Multi-Function Display

Information Systems

A multi-function display (MFD) presents information drawn from a variety of aircraft information systems. Many installations allow overlay or inclusion of systems indications in the primary flight display (PFD), in addition to the primary flight instrument indications. By allowing you to view information provided by any one or combination of the installed systems, the MFD […]

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Miscellaneous Autopilot Topics

Automated Flight Control

Autopilot Mode Awareness In addition to performing the basic aircraft control and navigation function described previously, some autopilots are capable of automatically switching from one function to another. These automatic mode changes can complicate the task of maintaining mode awareness, but every autopilot has some form of flight mode annunciator that shows which autopilot functions […]

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Deciding When To Use the FD/Autopilot

Automated Flight Control

In addition to learning how to use the FD/autopilot, you must also learn when to use it. Since there are no definitive rules about when an FD/autopilot should or should not be used, you must learn to consider the benefits and disadvantages of using the FD/autopilot in any given situation. One of the most valuable […]

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Coupled Approaches

Automated Flight Control

The approach function is similar to the navigation mode, but flies the selected course with the higher degree of precision necessary for instrument approaches and allows glideslope tracking in the vertical dimension. Most autopilots feature a separate button that allows you to engage the approach function, as shown in Figure 4-14. (NOTE: Usually, this mode […]

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