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Flight Learnings

Straight Climbs and Descents – Entry

Airplane Basic Flight Maneuvers - Electronic Flight Display

Descents can be accomplished with a constant rate, constant airspeed, or a combination. The following method can accomplish any of these with or without an attitude indicator. Reduce the power to allow the aircraft to decelerate to the desired airspeed while maintaining straight-and-level flight. As the aircraft approaches the desired airspeed, reduce the power to a […]

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Common Errors in Instrument Takeoffs

Airplane Basic Flight Maneuvers - Electronic Flight Display

Common errors associated with the instrument takeoff include, but are not limited to, the following: 1. Failure to perform an adequate flight deck check before the takeoff. Pilots have attempted instrument takeoff with inoperative airspeed indicators (pitot tube obstructed), controls locked, and numerous other oversights due to haste or carelessness. It is imperative to cross-check the ASI as soon as possible. No […]

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Instrument Takeoff

Airplane Basic Flight Maneuvers - Electronic Flight Display

The reason for learning to fly by reference to instruments alone is to expand a pilot’s abilities to operate an aircraft in visibility less than VFR. Another valuable maneuver to learn is the instrument takeoff. This maneuver requires the pilot to maneuver the aircraft during the takeoff roll by reference to flight instruments alone with […]

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Turns – Common Errors Leading to Unusual Attitudes

Airplane Basic Flight Maneuvers - Electronic Flight Display

The following errors have the potential to disrupt a pilot’s situational awareness and lead to unusual attitudes. Improper trimming techniques. A failure to keep the aircraft trimmed for level flight at all times can turn a momentary distraction into an emergency situation if the pilot stops cross-checking. Poor crew resource management (CRM) skills. Failure to […]

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Turns – Unusual Attitude Recovery Protection – Autopilot Usage

Airplane Basic Flight Maneuvers - Electronic Flight Display

The autopilot is equipped with inputs from a turn coordinator installed behind the MFD screen. This turn coordinator is installed solely for the use of the autopilot to facilitate the roll mode, which is simply a wing leveler. This protection is always available, barring a failure of the turn coordinator (to aid the pilot if […]

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Turns – Unusual Attitude Recovery Protection (Part Two)

Airplane Basic Flight Maneuvers - Electronic Flight Display

For nose-low unusual attitudes, the chevrons are displayed when the pitch exceeds 15° nose-down. If the pitch continues to decrease, the unusual attitude recovery protection declutters the screen at 20° nose-down. The decluttered information reappears when the pitch increases above 15°. Additionally, there are bank limits that trigger the unusual attitude protection. If the aircraft’s […]

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Turns – Unusual Attitude Recovery Protection (Part One)

Airplane Basic Flight Maneuvers - Electronic Flight Display

Unusual attitudes are some of the most hazardous situations for a pilot to be in. Without proper recovery training on instrument interpretation and aircraft control, a pilot can quickly aggravate an abnormal flight attitude into a potentially fatal accident. Analog gauges require the pilot to scan between instruments to deduce the aircraft attitude. Individually, these […]

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Straight Climbs and Descents – Entry – Constant Airspeed Climb From Cruise Airspeed

Airplane Basic Flight Maneuvers - Electronic Flight Display

To enter a constant airspeed climb from cruise airspeed, slowly and smoothly apply aft elevator pressure in order to raise the yellow chevron (aircraft symbol) until the tip points to the desired degree of pitch. [Figure 7-63] Hold the aft control pressure and smoothly increase the power to the climb power setting. This increase in […]

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Straight and Level Flight – Common Errors – Trim

Airplane Basic Flight Maneuvers - Electronic Flight Display

Trim errors usually result from the following faults: 1. Improper adjustment of seat or rudder pedals for comfortable position of legs and feet. Tension in the ankles makes it difficult to relax rudder pressures. 2. Confusion about the operation of trim devices, which differ among various airplane types. Some trim wheels are aligned appropriately with the airplane’s axes; others are […]

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