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Flight Learnings

System Failures

Emergency Operations

Analog Instrument Failure A warning indicator or an inconsistency between indications on the attitude indicator and the supporting performance instruments usually identifies system or instrument failure. Aircraft control must be maintained while identifying the failed component(s). Expedite the cross-check and include all flight instruments. The problem may be individual instrument failure or a system failure affecting […]

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Aircraft System Malfunctions

Emergency Operations

Preventing aircraft system malfunctions that might lead to an inflight emergency begins with a thorough preflight inspection. In addition to those items normally checked prior to a visual flight rules (VFR) flight, pilots intending to fly under instrument flight rules (IFR) should pay particular attention to the alternator belt, antennas, static wicks, antiicing/ deicing equipment, pitot […]

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Unforecast Adverse Weather

Emergency Operations

Inadvertent Thunderstorm Encounter A pilot should avoid flying through a thunderstorm of any intensity. However, certain conditions may be present that could lead to an inadvertent thunderstorm encounter. For example, flying in areas where thunderstorms are embedded in large cloud masses may make thunderstorm avoidance difficult, even when the aircraft is equipped with thunderstorm detection […]

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Conducting an IFR Flight (Part Two)

IFR Flight

Departure After starting the engine, tune in ATIS and copy the information to the navigation log. The conditions remain the same as the updated weather briefing with the ceiling at 700 overcast, and visibility at 3 miles. Call clearance delivery to receive a clearance: “Clearance Delivery, Cessna 1230A IFR to Gulfport Biloxi with information Kilo, […]

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Conducting an IFR Flight (Part One)

IFR Flight

To illustrate some of the concepts introduced in this chapter, follow along on a typical IFR flight from the Birmingham International Airport (BHM), Birmingham, Alabama to Gulfport-Biloxi International Airport (GPT), Gulfport, Mississippi. [Figure 10-18] For this trip, a Cessna 182 with a call sign of N1230A will be flown. The aircraft is equipped with dual […]

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Instrument Weather Flying (Part Two)

IFR Flight

Fog Instrument pilots must learn to anticipate conditions leading to the formation of fog and take appropriate action early in the progress of the flight. Before a flight, close examination of current and forecast weather should alert the pilot to the possibility of fog formation. When fog is a consideration, pilots should plan adequate fuel […]

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Instrument Weather Flying (Part One)

IFR Flight

Flying Experience The more experience a pilot has in VFR and IFR flight, the more proficient a pilot becomes. VFR experience can be gained by flying in terminal areas with high traffic activity. This type of flying forces the pilot to polish the skill of dividing his or her attention between aircraft control, navigation, communications, […]

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Approaches (Part Three)

IFR Flight

Approaches to Parallel Runways Procedures permit ILS instrument approach operations to dual or triple parallel runway configurations. A parallel approach is an ATC procedure that permits parallel ILS approach to airports with parallel runways separated by at least 2,500 feet between centerlines. Wherever parallel approaches are in progress, pilots are informed that approaches to both […]

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Approaches (Part Two)

IFR Flight

Radar Approaches With a radar approach, the pilot receives course and altitude guidance from a controller who monitors the progress of the flight with radar. This is an option should the pilot experience an emergency or distress situation. The only airborne radio equipment required for radar approaches is a functioning radio transmitter and receiver. The […]

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