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Straight and Level Flight – Bank Control – Horizontal Situation Indicator (HSI)

in Airplane Basic Flight Maneuvers - Electronic Flight Display

The horizontal situation indicator (HSI) is a rotating 360° compass card that indicates magnetic heading. The HSI is the only instrument that is capable of showing exact headings. The magnetic compass can be used as a backup instrument in case of an HSI failure; however, due to erratic, unstable movements, it is more likely to be used a supporting instrument.

In order for the pilot to achieve the desired rate of change, it is important for him or her to understand the relationship between the rate at which the HSI changes heading displays and the amount of bank angle required to meet that rate of change. A very small rate of heading change means the bank angle is small, and it takes more time to deviate from the desired straight flightpath. A larger rate of heading change means a greater bank angle happens at a faster rate.


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