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Crew Resource Management (CRM) and Single-Pilot Resource Management (SRM)

in Human Factors

Crew resource management (CRM) and single-pilot resource management (SRM) is the ability for the crew or pilot to manage all resources effectively to ensure the outcome of the flight is successful. In general aviation, SRM will be most often used and its focus is on the single-pilot operation. SRM integrates the following:

• Situational Awareness

• Flight Deck Resource Management

• Task Management

• Aeronautical Decision-making (ADM) and Risk Management

SRM recognizes the need to seek proper information from these sources to make a valid decision. For instance, the pilot may have to request assistance from others and be assertive to resolve situations. Pilots should understand the need to seek information from other sources until they have the proper information to make the best decision. Once a pilot has gathered all pertinent information and made the appropriate decision, the pilot needs to perform an assessment of the action taken.

Situational Awareness

Situational awareness is the accurate perception of operational and environmental factors that affect the flight. It is a logical analysis based upon the machine, external support, environment, and the pilot. It is knowing what is going on.


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