Transport category aircraft are certificated under Title 14 of the CFR (14 CFR) parts 25 and 29. The airworthiness certification standards of part 25 and 29 require proven levels of performance and guarantee safety margins for these aircraft, regardless of the specific operating regulations under which they are employed.
Major Differences in Transport Category Versus Non-Transport Category Performance Requirements
- Full temperature accountability—all of the performance charts for the transport category aircraft require that takeoff and climb performance be computed with the full effects of temperature considered.
- Climb performance expressed as percent gradient of climb—the transport category aircraft’s climb performance is expressed as a percent gradient of climb rather than a figure calculated in fpm of climb. This percent gradient of climb is a much more practical expression of performance since it is the aircraft’s angle of climb that is critical in an obstacle clearance situation.
- Change in lift-off technique—lift-off technique in transport category aircraft allows the reaching of V2 (takeoff safety speed) after the aircraft is airborne. This is possible because of the excellent acceleration and reliability characteristics of the engines on these aircraft and due to the larger surplus of power.
- Performance requirements applicable to all segments of aviation—all aircraft certificated by the FAA in the transport category, whatever the size, must be operated in accordance with the same performance criteria. This applies to both commercial and non-commercial operations.